The Mara is a modest sized transboundary river which rises in the Mau forest of Kenya and flows through the rangelands of the famous Maasai Mara and Serengeti reserves before discharging into Lake Victoria in Tanzania. It is important for many socio-economic activities including small scale-farming to support livelihoods, tea and wheat production for export and safari tourism.
The Mara River and its wetlands are renowned for supporting a vast array of wildlife. Thousands of local communities also depend on the river basin; for many Mara river basin communities, agriculture is the chief source of livelihoods.
Although the Mara has plentiful water resources in the wet season, with population and economic growth there is increasing demand on water resources from livestock, agricultural irrigation and other industries. Increased abstraction is likely to severely degrade the riverine ecosystem, affecting the ability to meet peoples’ basic needs as well as profoundly affecting the basin’s economy.
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