TOR - Scoping the analysis needed on land use and governance | WWF Kenya

TOR - Scoping the analysis needed on land use and governance

Posted on 11 October 2018   |  

Scoping the analysis needed on land use and governance situation descriptions in order to prepare in-depth consultations for the design of the Southern Kenya-Northern Tanzania (SOKNOT) Transboundary Corridor Programme

Background information

WWF-Kenya and WWF Tanzania Country Office have embarked on an ambitious transboundary conservation programme along the Southern Kenya-Northern Tanzania (SOKNOT) landscape aimed at contributing to restore the wildlife migratory corridors and dispersal areas in the two countries. The programme which will be undertaken in an integrated landscape approach, seeks to contribute to the two Government's effort to implement their respective wildlife corridor strategies while ensuring that the livelihoods and well-being of people living within those wildlife areas are sustained. The SOKNOT transboundary conservation area which broadly covers the following three ecosystems: Mara-Serengeti; Amboseli-West Kilimanjaro and Tsavo-Mkomazi and the areas that connect them, is of major regional and global significance, including the UNESCO world heritage sites of Serengeti and Mount Kilimanjaro, and the world famous wildebeest migration. The transboundary area is also regarded as a key range site for elephants, rhino and lion populations.

Despite regional and global significance, the SOKNOT landscape faces major threats including shrinking wildlife migratory corridors and dispersal areas, declining wildlife populations, poaching, unsustainable infrastructure development and unplanned settlement as well as increasing human wildlife conflict and inadequate community benefit sharing in natural resource management.

With SOKNOT being one of the biggest such initiative that will encompass major land use change proposed along the targeted area, it’s bound to set out major demographic, socio-economic and environmental shifts in the project area. Such shifts should be based on participatory and transparent land use planning to prevent conflicts among various stakeholders. Land use framework sets out a new integrated approach for management of private and public land and natural resources for achievement of a long-term economic, social and environmental goals.

Objectives and scope of work:

This scoping study will identify the additional analysis needed on land use and governance situation descriptions in order to prepare the ground for in-depth, participatory and transparent consultation with different actors in the landscape, including any communities with specific consultation rights and what type of consultations will be needed. It is intended to help Page 2 of 3


identify the key land use and governance questions that would need to be addressed to advance the corridor initiative.

Specific Tasks/themes to be covered:

1. Existing land use and governance assessments and development plans of the areas concerned that can contribute to the situation description;

2. Stakeholder analysis, including economic interests;

3. Analysis of social, cultural and economic factors that may impact the delivery of SOKNOT landscape programme;

4. Current land uses in the SOKNOT landscape (Mara-Serengeti; Amboseli-West Kilimanjaro and Tsavo-Mkomazi and the areas that connect them);

5. How property rights to land (at group or individual level) are defined, can be exchanged, and transformed;

6. Presence of indigenous or traditional local communities, sacred and/or cultural sites in the corridor area and corresponding requirements for any potential land use change (e.g. Free Prior Informed Consent);

7. How public oversight over land use and management is exercised;

8. How the extent of land owned by the state is defined, how the state exercises it, and how state land it is acquired or disposed of;

9. The management of land information and ways in which it can be accessed;

10. Historical and current disputes over land use, and inequality of ownership, and state of resolution

11. Avenues to resolve and manage disputes and hold officials to account

12. Analysis of opportunities and risks in bringing the Kenyan and Tanzanian administrative systems together.


Duration of service

The time period required for the provision of the services is envisaged to be not more than three (3) months.

Qualifications, Experience and Skills for Lead Consultant

1. At least a post graduate qualifications (Masters) in Social Sciences preferably in Strategic Management, Public Policy, Organizational Development, Spatial Planning or related disciplines; Demonstrated extensive experience in similar assignments may be considered in lieu of the post graduate qualifications.

2. At least 5 years of demonstrated experience in policy development and analysis, land use/spatial planning, with a significant proportion in areas of governance relating to natural resource and communities (indigenous or otherwise);

3. Experience in development of programmes in land use and governance areas, with natural resources management focus;

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4. A good understanding of the current political, economic, social and environmental context as well as governance structures and processes in the Eastern Africa region and relevant global processes;

5. Strong coordination and facilitation skills with a dynamic, outgoing personality and commitment to conservation as well as ability to work with diverse teams;

6. Previous experience in undertaking similar work such as establishing current state of land use and governance in wildlife areas, conflict mitigation and resolution projects among others;

7. Previous experience in undertaking similar work preferably in East Africa;



1. An Inception report which should be developed within 7 days after the signing of the contract; this should indicate a clear plan for undertaking the assignment (including proposed timelines, milestones and deliverables) on commencement of this assignment.

2. A first draft report of current status of land use and governance in SOKNOT landscape to be used as the basis for respective stakeholders workshops (Mara-Serengeti; Amboseli-West Kilimanjaro and Tsavo-Mkomazi).

3. A final draft report of current status of land use and governance in SOKNOT landscape incorporating comments from the respective stakeholder’s workshops (Mara-Serengeti; Amboseli-West Kilimanjaro and Tsavo-Mkomazi) with prioritized Action Plans.

All deliverables must be submitted in electronic format (Primarily Microsoft Word and in other formats e.g. Excel, Powerpoint as may be appropriate) in addition to a final hard copy.

Requirements for submission

1. A technical proposal detailing the methodology to be followed to undertake the assignment and a draft workplan

2. Indication of earliest availability

3. Financial proposal detailing professional fees - indicate if tax inclusive. Note that WWF will cover for the consultant’s logistical requirements (which include local and/or international travel, accommodation and meals but not perdiem).

4. Curriculum Vitae of lead consultant and resumes of associate consultants (if any);

5. Contact details of at least 3 references for similar type of work, with consent for WWF to check references where deemed necessary.

6. Any other information that may be useful for reference may be cited. WWF may request the bidder to provide evidence of such information at a later date.


Interested consultants should send their applications to on or before 15th October, 2018. The proposal should not be more than 12 pages in total.


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