The country is endowed with vast and diverse natural resources including biodiversity, land and unique ecosystems as well as recently confirmed deposits of oil and gas and other extractives.
These resources can have transformative effects on the economy through generation of revenue, capital inflows as well as provision ecosystem services that are of vital importance to the various sectors of the Kenyan economy and to communities.
However, these benefits are not to be realised by default, as can be attested by the experiences of other resource rich countries. This therefore calls for fundamental shifts in how it governs and manages its natural resources in order to position natural resources as true engines of Kenya’s sustainable development.
The challenges to sustainable development are manifested in forms such as the conflicts between infrastructure development to meet the needs of Kenya’s growing population, economy and sound environmental management.