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'Herd of One’ is an African Elephant Conservation awareness and fundraising initiative by Sankara Nairobi and WWF-Kenya.


In 1973, there were 165,000 African elephants roaming free in the Kenyan wild. Today, the population is as low as 35,000 due to poaching and habitat loss and migratory corridors - a key driver of human-elephant conflict which leads to human deaths, injuries, destruction of property and elephant killings in retaliation. The Species is listed as ‘vulnerable’ by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and on the red list of threatened species and ‘threatened with extinction’ under Appendix 1 of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). It is critical that the population of this endangered species is growing, stable and thriving for the benefit of nature and people. This can only be achieved through reduced human-elephant conflict, zero poaching, securing of migratory corridors and other favourable wildlife habitats outside protected areas.

© © Greg Armfield / WWF-UK

The African Elephant is a key WWF flagship species under the Wildlife Practice; and has been identified as a priority species within the recently reviewed WWF-Kenya’ Strategic Action Plan 2018 - 2023.
For communities to collaborate in conservation and host wildlife on their land, they need to get somedirect benefits from wildlife.
WWF –Kenya is supporting establishment of community owned and managed conservancies which generate diversified income streams from tourism and nature based enterprises that directly go to the communities.
Together with partners we have successfully initiated model conservancies in Mara landscape and there are plans  to mainstream thie models to all elephant ranges in Kenya. There is evidence of increase in wildlife population and achievement of zero poaching in these conservancies.
We facilitate and influence the formulation of environmental sector policies in Kenya such as wildlife Acts and strategies among others.
We employ an integrated wildlife management approach to address human elephant conflict challenges through a novel Safe System Approach to assess the efficacy of current human-wildlife conflict mitigation interventions and identify the gaps that needs to be addressed to achieve a landscape where the wildlife, people and their assets are all safe.
The program goal is to ensure that in 25 years, elephants and people live in harmony  and thrive in the various landscapes in Kenya.